Career options in mathematics other than engineering


Apart from engineering, one can separately specialize in Physics, Chemistry or Maths i.e., according to the subject of his/her interest.

1. Mathematician: A mathematician is a person whose primary area of study is the field of mathematics. Mathematicians are concerned with quantity, structure, space, and change.

Eligibility : M.Sc. in mathematics + PhD

The IIT-Kanpur pioneered the five-year M.Sc. programme (admission is through the joint entrance examination) which combined the B.Sc. and M.Sc. programmes. BITS Pilani and IIT-Bombay followed suit.

All the IITs and universities also have independent M.Sc. and Ph.D. programmes. Admission is based on entrance tests and/or interview.

Institutions of pure research (the TIFR, the IMSc and the HRI), the IISc and the CMI also have integrated Ph.D. programmes.

Special Institutions : Chennai Mathematical Institute ,Chennai, The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Madras, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, Mehta Research Institute of Mathematics and Mathematical Physics, Allahabad

Job opportunities : A trained mathematician can be very well employed outside academia. Government departments engaged in space research (the Indian Space Research Organisation, or ISRO), defence research (Defence Research and Development Organisation, or DRDO), aeronautical research (National Aeronautics Limited, or NAL), all employ mathematicians to solve their special problems. Today, cryptology is in vogue (the systems ensuring the safety of your credit card transactions are based on some very sophisticated mathematics). Organisations such as the DRDO and the Society for Electronic Transactions and Security (SETS) are interested in mathematicians with training in this area. Financial mathematics is another area that leads to well-paid jobs. Computer giants such as IBM and Microsoft have research departments which have highly paid scientists who are either mathematicians or theoretical computer scientists.


2. Career in Indian Air force: The Indian Air Force calls for enthusiastic and committed engineers to become a part of the Indian Air Force team. Candidates short-listed after the initial selection procedure, go through a rigorous training regimen at one of the Air Force training establishments. Thereafter, they are commissioned as officers and embark on a glorious and fulfilling career.

As an Engineer, you can soar into a rewarding and challenging career in the Indian Air Force. You can even join the Technical Branch in your final or pre-final year of engineering through the University Entry Scheme.


For details visit :


3. Naval Architect : Naval architecture is an engineering discipline dealing with the design, construction, maintenance and operation of marine vessels and structures.

How to enter : 1. Take up science (physics, chemistry and maths) at the plus-two level.

2. Pursue a BTech degree in naval architecture and ocean engineering, offered at a few institutes in India, for which you need to clear a written entrance test.

Institutes : IIT Madras and Kharagpur– BTech in naval architecture and ocean engineering as well as a five-year dual BTech/MTech (naval architecture engineering)

Cochin University of Science and Technology – BTech in naval architecture and shipbuilding

Indian Maritime University, Chennai, diploma leading to BSc in shipbuilding and repair.

IIT Delhi (Diploma in naval construction, for Indian Navy officers)

The Indian Navy takes in graduates in selected branches of engineering, who are given post-graduate training at the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi. After the officers earn their diplomas in naval construction from IIT Delhi, the Navy sends them to the naval dockyards in Mumbai, Visakhapatnam, Cochin or Port Blair

Job opportunities : Companies involved in ship building and building of various types of marine vassels. Shipping companies and government agencies and departments.


4. Air Traffic controller : The aim of Air Traffic Control Service is to ensure a safe, orderly and expeditious flow of air traffic.  In order to achieve this objective, the Air Traffic Controller give mandatory instructions to pilots and issues clearances to provide safe separation between aircraft at any given time.

Educational qualifications : Engineering Degree in Electronics / Tele Communication / Radio Engg. / Electrical with specialization in Electronics with Ist class (60%)

OR  M.Sc Degree or its equivalent with Wireless Communication, Electronics, Radio Physics or Radio Engg. as a special Subject.

Selection criteria : The selection shall be made on the basis of a Written test, Voice test,  Personal Interview and Medical fitness as per ICAO guidelines

Training : Civil Aviation Training Colleges at Allahabad, UP or at Hyderabad, AP

Job opportunities : Air Traffic Control Centres (With Airpor Authority of India)


5. Commercial Pilots : Pilots are highly trained professionals who fly airplanes and helicopters carrying passengers or cargo.

This is a highly specialised job which requires knowledge of air navigation, interpretation of meteorological reports, operations of sophisticated electronic and mechanical controls, leading the aircraft under adverse circumstances, and being a leader to the flight crew and passengers under climatic and other emergency situations.

Eligibility : 10+ 2 pass in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics with minimum of 50% marks, to obtain a Student Pilot License one only needs 10th passing certificate.

The process : 1. Student’s Pilot License : It is the first stage. An objective test that tests basic mathematics knowledge of the aircraft, engines and aerodynamics.

2. Private Pilot License: It is the second stage. It consists of practical and theory examinations. The practical part consists of 40 hours of flying with instructor and 20 hours of solo flying. The theory paper tests the student’s knowledge about aircraft engines, air navigation, aviation meteorology and seamanship.

3. Commercial Pilot License: This is the third stage. The practical part requires a minimum of 250 flying hours, which includes 60 hours of PPL. 200 solo flying hours are needed to complete CPL. The theory part consists of subjects like Air Regulations, Aviation Meteorology, Air Navigation, Technical Planning and Communications in Radio and Wireless Transmission. An additional requirement here is in terms of fitness test.

After getting CPL, you can work as a trainee co-pilot for 6-8 months with any airlines and thereafter co-pilot.

Institutes : There are a number of institutes under the recognition of the Directorate General Of Civil Aviation which conducts training in this field. Most prominent among them is Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Academy at Rae Bareli (Uttar Pradesh). Other major training centres are flying clubs at Mumbai and Delhi.

For details visit :


5. Astrophysicist and Astronomer : Astronomy is the science that deals with the material universe beyond the earth’s atmosphere. It is the study of the motion, nature and constitution of heavenly bodies.

Eligibility : For pursuing a career in Theoretical Astronomy / observations, one can do B.Sc. in Physics and / or Mathematics after 10 + 2.

Master’s level course in Astronomy with specialization in Theoretical Astronomy are offered by various Astronomy Institutes and Universities.

In order to pursue a career in Instrumentation / Experimental Astronomy, one can do one’s Bachelor of Engineering (BE) in Electrical / Electronics / Electrical Communications, after 10 + 2.

Then one can appear for the Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST) examination, which makes one eligible to do specialization in astronomy leading to Ph.D.

Institutes : Indian Institute of Astrophysics, (Bangalore), Indian Institute of Science, (Bangalore), Raman Research Institute, (Bangalore), Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, (Pune), National Centre for Radio Astronomy, Ooty, Tata institute of Fundamental research, Mumbai

Most of these institutes offer opportunities to the aspiring candidates based on a joint entrance test followed by an interview. The minimum qualification required for appearing for the entrance exam is a Master’s degree in Physics. Some of these institutes accommodate engineering graduates as well.

Job opportunities : After having done a Courses in Astronomy, one can find placement as a Research Scientist with several research institutes and big Government organizations like the Indian Space Research Organization (DRDO).

One can also join non – profit organizations like the Association of Bangalore Amateur Astronomers (ABAA) which involves itself in telescope making, organizing observation sessions for the public and popularization of Astronomy.


6. Merchant Navy :  The main positions open in the merchant navy are for navigating officers, radio officers and marine engineers. They deal with transporting cargo and occasionally, passengers, by sea.

Courses : 1. 3 year degree course in Nautical Science for (10+2) students.

2. 4 year degree course in Marine Engineering for (10+2) students.

Maritime Training Institutes : 1. Marine Engineering and Research Institutes- Calcutta    2. T. S. Chanakya, Karave Navi Mumbai

Admission Requirement : Admission to MERI and T. S. Chanakya are through a joint entrance examination conducted by Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) at national level.

Job opportunities :



7. Architect: Architecture, in particular is the study which deals with planning and designing of building and structures.

Eligibility : With Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry at the 10+2 level you can apply for admission to study architecture at the graduate level in colleges offering the course.

Entrance test for B.Arch Courses:  The Council of Architecture conducts an aptitude test on an All India basis for admission to colleges of Architecture i.e. NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture). Engineering colleges select students on the basis of the result to the appropriate engineering courses.

Institutions: School of Planning & Architecture, New Delhi, College of Architecture, Chandigarh, School of Architecture, Ahmedabad, Lucknow University, Sir J J College of Architecture, Mumbai

Job opportunities : In some of the government organisations include Public Works Department, the Archaeological Department, Ministry of Defence, Departments of Railways, Post and Telegraphs, Public Sector Undertakings, National Building Organisation, Town and Country Planning Organisation etc and in private organizations.


8. Actuary : An actuary is a business professional who deals with the financial impact of risk and uncertainty. Actuaries provide expert assessments of financial security systems, with a focus on their complexity, their mathematics, and their mechanisms.

Who Can Become An Actuary?

Any person with minimum 18 years of age and having a high degree of aptitude for mathematics and statistics can take up this course and become an Actuary. Generally, first class graduates or postgraduates in Mathematics, Statistics or Econometrics will be in a better position than others to qualify as actuaries.

To qualify as an Actuary, a candidate has to pass all examinations in the prescribed subjects.

How to enter: 1. First register as a student member (after 10+2) with mathematics) of ASI and pass examinations on 9 subjects like statistical modeling, financial mathematics etc.

2. On passing you will get a Certificate in Actuarial techniques (CAT).

3. In next stage you have to pass examination on 6 more subjects like financial economics, communication etc.

4. If you pass and attend a professional course conducted by society, you can become the Associate member of Actuarial Society of India.

5. In the final stage you will have to obtain 3 years of practical experience of Actuarial work and then you have to pass examination on the field of insurance of your choice.

6. After passing out and attending a professional course conducted by the society , you can become fellow of Actuarial Society of India.


Placement : Insurance companies, financial services companies, Government of India departments etc.


9. Anthropologist : Anthropology is a science, which studies the origin and the physical, social, and cultural development and behavior of mankind. It has element of art and science, humanistic interpretation and systematic recording.

Eligibility : Generally a Science background at the +2 level is preferred for a B.Sc. programme in Anthropology.

B.Sc in Anthropology is of three years duration and thereafter one can specialize in any of the branches at M.Sc and M.Phil levels.

Institutes : Amity Institute of Anthropology – Noida, College of Humanities, Social Science, Arts Culture- Allahabad, Andhra University, University of Delhi, Pune University, Visva-Bharati- West Bengal

Placement : Research jobs are available in organizations like Archaeological Survey of India, the Planning Commission as well as international organizations like the United Nation’s UNESCO or UNICEF also require their services, Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) who seek their expertise in understanding of relations between industry and society, Museums etc.


10. Geologist : Main function of the geologists is to assess the natural disasters and its effects on environment, to find out the areas rich in under-water resources, oil, natural gas and minerals.

Eligibility : Geology can be studied after XII (PCM). Students can do B.Sc, M.Sc and PhD courses in Geology.

Specialized courses are offered by Indian Institute of Technology ar Kharagpur. After XII (with PCM) IIt Kharagpur admits students through JEE to 5 year Integrated programme in Exploration Geophysics.

After BTech/BE/MSc adn Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) admission is made to the 3 semester M Tech in Geology and Geophysics.

Institutes :  DAVV, Indore and many other universities, Aligarh Muslim University-UP, Andhra University,  Anna University- Chennai ,  D.A.V. (P.G.) College-Dehradun.

Placement : Central Ground Water Board and the Geological Survey of India, Coal India, Oil & Natural Gas Corporation, Mineral Exploration Authority, Hindustan Zinc and many other organizations.



You may also like...